Diamonds were formed under immense heat and pressure hundreds
of miles below the sea level. Volcanic explosions forced them upwards after
nearly 100 million years of formation. The diamonds were formed more than 70
million years ago when volcanic explosions brought this diamond bearing ore to
the surface. After the cooling of the magma, it solidified into a blue mass, or
kimberlite, where the precious rough diamonds are still found today. Rated 10
on the Mohs scale of hardness, diamonds are the hardest substances on earth,
but their appeal goes far beyond durability.
Approximately 250 tons of ore must be mined and processed in order to produce a
single, one-carat, polished, gem-quality diamond. This is what makes them so
valuable and unique. The first diamond mining endeavors were undertaken nearly
4000 years ago in ancient India . Modern mining started in the 19 th century in
South Africa . Botswana , Russia , South Africa , Angola , Namibia , Australia
and Zaire are among the top diamond producing nations, accounting for nearly
80% of the world's rough diamond supply.
Aura of Diamonds
The cultural alignment with diamonds has been there throughout
the centuries. The ancient Greeks and Romans believed diamonds were tears of
the Gods and splinters from falling stars. Then, the Hindus attributed so much
power to these precious stones they went so far as to place diamonds in the
eyes of some of their statues .
Diamonds were thought to bring about luck and success and also change the course
of astrological events. Many ancient people wore diamonds as charms believing
in their ability to heighten sexual prowess and attract others. Plato even
wrote about diamonds as living beings, embodying celestial spirits.
Diamond rings have been witnesses to the talismanic power of diamonds in the
middle and dark ages. In the middle Ages and Renaissance period, every ring set
with a precious stone was not considered so much as a piece of jewelry, but
more as an amulet that conveyed magical powers like fearlessness and
invincibility upon the wearer. This myth laid the groundwork for monarchs to
begin wearing diamonds as symbols of power.
Diamonds today are cherished for their astonishing natural beauty and their aura
of being such a special and magical gift. As of today a diamond is more than
just a jewel it is the ultimate symbol of love.